Intermountain Centers Founded
The historical timeline of programs for Native and non-Native youth referred to Intermountain begins in 1973 when Intermountain was established and staffed with many of the talented direct care workers formerly employed by SIYC. Continuing the agency’s work with Native youth only, referrals were made to Intermountain directly from the tribal social welfare agencies that held the responsibility for finding adequate, culturally appropriate community-based, residential placements for their tribal youth. Not only were Tohono O’odham and Pascua Yaqui children from Southern Arizona served but youth from Ute Mountain, Northern Ute, Navajo, Hopi, Jicarilla Apache, Mescalero Apache, Whiteriver Apache, San Carlos Apache, Gila River, Colorado River, Havasupai, and Hualapai Nations and most of the pueblos of New Mexico resided with Intermountain, as well. The Nations were confident in referring their youth to Intermountain’s group homes for culturally appropriate, strength-based programming. Group residential programs for Native youth were located not only in Tucson, but in Albuquerque and Santa Fe, New Mexico; Durango, Colorado; Eagle Butte, South Dakota; Ft. Defiance, Arizona; and Ft. Duchene, Utah, where many Native children could be served in close proximity to their tribal homes. These programs operated through the 1980’s and some locations, such as Santa Fe, expanded into multiple homes and apartments, serving Native youth until 2007.